Remote Sensing Unit

The College of Science, one the biggest academic institute of Baghdad's University, is the hosting institute for the First International Conference on Remote Sensing and Image Processing Techniques (RSIPT-1).

The College of Science is a governmental Iraqi college established in 1949 to respond to the needs of students for both general and specialized education in science and offering the B.Sc., M.Sc., and PhD degrees in Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics, Geology, Computer Science, Astronomy, and Biotechnology. It is thus concerning most of the nature since, its origins and its evolution, its strengths and its frailties, its order and its perceived disarray, constitutes the realm of study classified as science.

Scientists search for interconnecting relationships and traits of order to understand the nature of our universe. Each new discovery provides additional knowledge and frequently enables the solution of previously perplexing questions. Often technology is able to transform scientific discovery into applications which are beneficial to our everyday living.

Remote Sensing (RS) the motif of the RSIPT-1 conference refers to the science of identification of Earth surface features and estimation of their geo-biophysical properties using electromagnetic radiation as a medium of interaction. Spectral, spatial, temporal and polarization signatures are major characteristics of the sensor/target, which facilitate target discrimination. RS data, with its ability for a synoptic view, repetitive coverage with calibrated sensors to detect changes, observations at different resolutions, provides a better alternative for natural resources management as compared to traditional methods.

The output of a remote sensing system is usually an image representing the scene being observed. Therefore, many further steps of digital image processing (the 2nd topic of the RSIPT-1) and modeling are required in order to extract useful information from the RS output image; e.g. Suitable techniques may be adopted for a given theme, depending on the requirements of the specific problem. Since remote sensing may not provide all the information needed for a full-fledged assessment, many other spatial attributes from various sources are needed to be integrated with remote sensing data. This integration of spatial data and their combined analysis is performed through a set of computer software/hardware, known as Geographical Information System (GIS).

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